On 9 December 2021, the European Commission (“Commission”) published a proposal for a Directive on improving conditions in platform work (“Platform Work Directive” or “PWD”). This initiative adds to the EU’s portfolio in the area of platform regulation but contrary to other instruments that deal with platform-to-business and platform-to-consumer relations (e.g., the Digital Markets Act, the Digital Services Act), … Continue reading The proposed Platform Work Directive and employment status misclassification: Distinguishing between employers and digital labour intermediaries
We have previously posted about Amazon’s acquisition of the robot vacuum cleaner (“RVC”) brand, iRobot, for $1.7 billion. The case has now been cleared by the UK Competition and Markets Authority (“CMA”) at Phase 1, and referred to Phase 2 for an in-depth investigation by the European Commission. We therefore have another case of diverging … Continue reading Amazon/iRobot: Does Amazon have an incentive to preference its own products?
One of the most intriguing provisions of the Digital Markets Act (“DMA”) is Article 6(12), which provides that the designated gatekeeper shall apply “fair, reasonable, and non-discriminatory general conditions of access for business users to its software application stores, online search engines and online social networking services ...” Thus, Article 6(12) only applies to three … Continue reading Article 6(12) of the Digital Markets Act: Implementing the FRAND requirement