Apple has attracted significant regulatory attention for obliging iOS apps selling "digital goods or services" to use its payment solution In-App Purchase (IAP) to accept user payments and pay a related 30 % commission. Apple's policy on in-app payments is at the core of the Commission's ongoing investigation into Apple (following complaints by developers Spotify … Continue reading Apple reduces App Store commission for small developers: Shall we all be happy?
In a video for The New York Times, computer scientist and philosopher Jaron Lanier described online advertising as “the little space in the middle” combining capitalism with the “socialist” concept that Internet content should be free. Now a multi-billion-dollar industry, online advertising is what funds free online content. It is also what has elevated Google … Continue reading What should be the fate of targeted advertising?
In an insightful article on AdExchanger, Allison Schiff notes that the ad industry is facing two interrelated "existential threats": government legislation (think of e.g., the GDPR or the CCPA) and policy changes coming from big tech (Google and Apple). But, contrary to what one might initially think, it is the platforms' changes that are the … Continue reading How tech platforms act as private regulators of privacy
Last April Damien and I published a paper titled "The Antitrust Case Against the Apple App Store," where we explored various concerns raised by Apple's App Store practices under Article 102 TFEU. We focused in particular on the obligation of apps offering "digital goods or services" (think e.g., of a game app) to use Apple's … Continue reading New paper on the App Store shows why antitrust intervention is needed
Saying that the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission has become quite active in the digital front would be an understatement. After delivering a pioneering report into digital platforms in 2019, it kicked off a five-year inquiry into digital platform services in 2020 and another inquiry in ad tech services (even though one might say we … Continue reading ACCC to issue report on app marketplaces in March 2021
On 16 June 2020, the European Commission opened formal antitrust investigations to assess whether Apple's rules for app developers on the distribution of apps via the App Store violate EU competition rules. The Commission's press release states that the Commission will investigate in particular two restrictions imposed by Apple in its agreements with companies that … Continue reading The App Store and antitrust: Lofty statements by Apple executive and academic friendly to Apple’s views don’t do the trick
It is official: the European Commission has opened an investigation into Apple over App Store rules (in parallel, the Commission also launched an investigation into Apple's practices over Apple Pay). The investigation follows a complaint filed by Spotify in March 2019, whereby the music streaming service took issue with Apple's 30% commission levied on in-app … Continue reading EU probes Apple over App Store rules
The Apple App Store has given rise to a thriving marketplace that connects app developers and iOS users. However, Apple has recently come under increased antitrust scrutiny on both sides of the Atlantic over concerns that it uses its role as operator of the App Store to give its own apps an anticompetitive advantage. At … Continue reading The antitrust case against the Apple App Store