General Court largely upholds the Commission’s decision in Google Android (Case T-604/18)

Earlier this month the General Court of the EU (the “Court”) delivered its much-anticipated judgment on Google’s action for annulment of the Commission’s decision in Case AT.40099 (Google Android) – the decision currently holding the record for the highest antitrust fine ever imposed, namely EUR 4.3 billion. By way of reminder, the Commission found that … Continue reading General Court largely upholds the Commission’s decision in Google Android (Case T-604/18)

The CMA Final Report on the Mobile Ecosystems market study: a repudiation of Apple’s narrative over privacy and safety as justifications for the status quo

On 10 June 2022, the UK Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) published its Final Report on its year-long market study into mobile ecosystems – namely mobile operating systems, app stores, and web browsers. The CMA found that Apple and Google have a tight grip over these increasingly crucial ecosystems, which in turn places them in … Continue reading The CMA Final Report on the Mobile Ecosystems market study: a repudiation of Apple’s narrative over privacy and safety as justifications for the status quo

Servizio, competition on the merits, and Google Shopping

This is the second post on the CJEU’s judgment in Servizio, a preliminary ruling concerning the interpretation of Article 102 TFEU (see here for the first post discussing the relevance of consumer welfare and actual effects in establishing an abuse under Article 102 TFEU). In this post I would like to discuss the concept of … Continue reading Servizio, competition on the merits, and Google Shopping

The judgment of the Court of Justice in Servizio (C-377/20) – Part I

On 12 May, the Court of Justice delivered its eagerly anticipated judgment in Servizio (C-377/20), a preliminary ruling concerning the interpretation of Article 102 TFEU. This is a very interesting ruling for a variety of reasons: First, the conduct in question involved the (allegedly) abusive use of a database, and in particular the discriminatory use … Continue reading The judgment of the Court of Justice in Servizio (C-377/20) – Part I

Ne bis in idem and the DMA: the CJEU’s judgments in bpost and Nordzucker – Part II

[This is the second blog post on the principle of ne bis in idem and the DMA. You can read here our first post setting the scene and discussing EU case-law on ne bis in idem] Yesterday’s post discussed at length the CJEU’s judgments in bpost and Nordzucker, and how they signal a shift in … Continue reading Ne bis in idem and the DMA: the CJEU’s judgments in bpost and Nordzucker – Part II

Ne bis in idem and the DMA: the CJEU’s judgments in bpost and Nordzucker – Part I

[This is the first of two blog posts on the principle of ne bis in idem and the DMA. This post sets the scene by discussing the CJEU’s case-law on ne bis in idem, with a focus on the Court’s recent rulings in bpost and Nordzucker. A second blog post will discuss the implications of … Continue reading Ne bis in idem and the DMA: the CJEU’s judgments in bpost and Nordzucker – Part I

Google announces Privacy Sandbox on Android

Greetings to our readers – I haven’t published in a while, but Google’s latest announcement could not keep waiting. Google has just announced its plan to build the Privacy Sandbox on Android, with the stated aim of “introducing new, more private advertising solutions.” This comes only a couple of days after the UK Competition and … Continue reading Google announces Privacy Sandbox on Android

General Court of the EU delivers landmark Google Shopping judgment (Google and Alphabet v Commission, T-612/17)

As readers of this blog will know, on Tuesday 10 November 2021 the General Court (“GC”) delivered its judgment in case T-612/17, Google and Alphabet v Commission, largely upholding the Commission’s 2017 decision in Google Search (Shopping) (AT.39741). This is a landmark (and very aggressive) judgment and a major vindication for the Commission. By way … Continue reading General Court of the EU delivers landmark Google Shopping judgment (Google and Alphabet v Commission, T-612/17)

What we learned from the unredacted US States complaint against Google

Last Friday, October 22, a coalition of US States led by Texas released an unredacted version of the amended complaint filed against Google over its ad tech business, after a federal judge in New York held that much of the antitrust suit could be unsealed. The original complaint filed in December 2020, echoes the findings … Continue reading What we learned from the unredacted US States complaint against Google

The DMA and default positions in search

Picking up on our latest post on the direction of the Council with respect to the DMA, we would like to touch on an important issue that seems to have been overlooked by EU lawmakers: the role of default positions in search. Rather surprisingly, both the original DMA proposal of the European Commission and subsequent … Continue reading The DMA and default positions in search