Apple has attracted significant regulatory attention for obliging iOS apps selling "digital goods or services" to use its payment solution In-App Purchase (IAP) to accept user payments and pay a related 30 % commission. Apple's policy on in-app payments is at the core of the Commission's ongoing investigation into Apple (following complaints by developers Spotify … Continue reading Apple reduces App Store commission for small developers: Shall we all be happy?
Over the past few weeks, I have authored several blog posts (see here, here and here) on the Commission’s anticipated proposal for a Digital Markets Act, which would apparently comprise two pillars, i.e. ex ante regulation for so-called “digital gatekeepers” and the New Competition Tool. My posts shared some thoughts on the first of these … Continue reading Ex ante regulation of digital gatekeepers: Which institutional mechanisms?
As we are now less than 6 weeks away from the expected publication by the Commission of its proposals on ex ante regulation for so-called "digital gatekeepers" and the New Competition Tool ("NCT"), rumours abound as to the exact scope and content of these proposals. What seems clear now is that the ex ante regulation … Continue reading The Digital Markets Act : How should ex ante rules look like?
Like many antitrust lawyers, yesterday I spent most of my evening reading the DoJ complaint against Google. Although I need to read again several parts, here is my preliminary analysis summarized in ten points: This is not a political case of the type some predicted. It has nothing to do with Google search being allegedly … Continue reading The U.S. v. Google: A preliminary analysis in ten points
As the Commission has announced that it will issue its proposal for ex ante regulation for so-called digital gatekeepers in the beginning of December, there are growing rumours about the form this regulation will take, the platforms that will be captured and the substantive rules that will be contained in this regulation. As to the … Continue reading What is a digital gatekeeper (Part 2)? The relevance of the single-homing v. multi-homing debate
As the European Commission is digesting the (voluminous) results of its public consultation on the upcoming Digital Services Act (“DSA”) package and preparing a proposal for what is described in its “Inception Impact Assessment” as an “ex ante regulatory instrument for large online platforms with significant network effects acting as gate-keepers in the European Union’s … Continue reading What is a digital gatekeeper?
As has been widely reported in the press, Google has decided to adopt a more aggressive approach to the enforcement of the obligation imposed on app developers offering in-app purchases of digital goods on Google Play to use Google's proprietary payment solution "Google Play In-App Billing" and pay the associated 30% commission. At the same … Continue reading Google’s improvements to Google Play: A preliminary review
The past couple of years have seen the launch and, in most cases, completion of multiple studies by competition authorities as well as independent bodies on what needs to be done to address the competition challenges created by large digital platforms (see, e.g., the UK Furman report, the U.S. Stigler report, the EC Competition Policy … Continue reading Competition law and digital gatekeepers: Too many studies, too little enforcement?
On 13 August 2020, Epic Games filed lawsuits against Apple and Google in the U.S. District Court Northern District of California alleging their use of a series of anti-competitive restraints and monopolistic practices in the markets for (i) the distribution of apps to users of mobile computing devices like smartphones and tablets, and (ii) the … Continue reading Epic Games files lawsuits against Apple and Google
On 22 July 2020, i.e. a few days away from the Congressional hearing (which may however be postponed) where the CEOs of Google, Apple, Facebook and Amazon are expected to testify, the Analysis Group released an Apple-sponsored study entitled “Apple’s App Store and Other Digital Marketplaces: A Comparison of Commission Rates”. The purpose of this … Continue reading Apple App Store’s Commission Rates study misses the mark